On an annual basis, BIOCAP estimates that
The logistical conditions in Finland, Sweden and Central European countries favor the Scandinavian harvesting and forestry residuals collecting techniques. Wood and residuals from thinnings can be taken to biorefineries.
The rising costs of petrochemical-derived products and concerns over global warming are also
driving a re-evaluation of possibilities using new and existing methods employed elsewhere. For
instance, it is quite common in Finland to harvest significant levels of slash to produce heat and
Driven by tax policies that penalize fossil fuel use, a large infrastructure of combined heat and power operations exists to utilize this material and has led the development of dedicated forestry equipment for the sorting and bundling of forestry residuals.
Harvesting of precommercial thinnings in the management of reforested areas is another possible source of biomass. Other operators are currently looking at using short-rotation, plantation-based, woody crops such as willow (Canada).