Drinking Water Quality And The Contamination of Public Drinking Supplies - AboutUs Wiki Page: "Of even greater concern can be the effects of disinfectants and their by-products in the treatment of drinking water. Disinfectants include Chloramines, Chlorine, and Chlorine dioxide.
These are water additives to control microbiological organisms such as Cryptosporidium, Giardia lamblia, Legionella, Coliforms and other various viruses which originate from human and animal fecal waste.
These organisms are particularly present
when utilizing surface water.
It is essential to maintain chlorine residual in the water distribution system to prevent microbiological organism growth. Otherwise, an outbreak of gastrointestinal illness (diarrhea, vomiting, cramps) and pneumonia could consequently occur.
The potential health effects of ingesting these chemicals are mild when compared to their byproducts, but they include eye and nose irritation, stomach discomfort, anemia and possible nervous system damage. The by-products of these disinfectants include Bromate, Chlorite, Halo-Acetic acids and Trihalomethanes.
Their accumulation in human bodies can potentially cause forms of cancer, as well as liver, kidney or central nervous system problems. Another water additive that has received great scrutiny since its initial introduction is that of Fluoride.
Evidence has indicated that this inorganic chemical has helped to promote strong teeth and the..."